Bitcoin mining: hashrate level reaches 500 EH/s for the first time


On 22 November 2023, Bitcoin reached an all-time high in mining with a surge in its hashrate to the extraordinary figure of 500 exahash per second (EH/s) based on a seven-day moving average. 

This momentous achievement, documented by Luxor’s, signifies a monumental leap in computing power, equivalent to 500 quintillion hashes per second.

Bitcoin historic triumph: surpassing the 500 EH/s hashrate and the future of mining 

The seven-day moving average of 500 EH/s reveals a substantial increase in the computational capacity of the network. 

This unprecedented hashrate level, equivalent to 0.5 zettahash per second (ZH/s), sets a new benchmark for the Bitcoin ecosystem. In particular, the three-day moving average shows a remarkable surge, reaching an impressive 526 EH/s.

Parallel to this record hashrate surge, Bitcoin miners have demonstrated remarkable financial resilience. 

As of November, miners have accumulated $861.07 million in revenue, with one week left before the end of the month. 

This puts them on the verge of surpassing October’s total earnings of $885.05 million, an achievement underscored by the fact that November has already seen $113.52 million in commission-generated revenue.

November is poised to become the second most profitable month in 2023 in terms of commission-generated revenue, with the potential to surpass the record $125.92 million collected in May. 

The daily value of a petahash per second (PH/s) peaked at $96.36 on 16 November, demonstrating the sustained profitability of mining operations during this period.

The mining landscape 

Examining the mining landscape, a total of 1,077 blocks were mined in the last week, with notable contributions from Antpool and Foundry USA, which discovered 297 and 294 blocks, respectively. 

This distribution underscores the decentralized nature of Bitcoin mining, with multiple entities contributing to the security and consensus mechanism of the network.

The rise of Bitcoin’s hashrate from the era of initial difficulty, with just 4.21 million hashes per second (H/s) or 4.21 megahashes per second (MH/s), to the current colossal figure of 500 EH/s is nothing short of astronomical. 

In the span of nearly 15 years, Bitcoin’s hashrate has increased by as much as eleven trillion H/s since 27 January 2009, highlighting the network’s robust growth. In the current year alone, hashrate has seen a remarkable increase of 238 EH/s.

Bitcoin’s hashrate growth trajectory testifies to the network’s enduring appeal and security. From its humble beginnings to today, where it stands at 500 EH/s, the continued increase in computing power reflects the unwavering commitment of miners and the broader cryptocurrency community to maintaining the integrity of the blockchain.

Delving deeper into November’s financial landscape, it is worth noting that current revenue from fees alone has already surpassed the figures seen in previous months. 

The month’s earnings of $113.52 million in fees indicate strong demand for transaction processing on the Bitcoin network. This surge in commissions contributes not only to miners’ revenue, but also serves as a barometer for the network’s overall utility and transaction flow.

Profitability amid market fluctuations

Bitcoin soaring mining hashrate and the simultaneous financial success of miners also raise questions about the sustainability of this profitability in the face of potential market fluctuations. 

The cryptocurrency market is known for its volatility, and miners must deal with these changes to maintain a competitive edge. Factors such as regulatory developments, market sentiment, and technological advances all play a crucial role in shaping the future landscape for miners.

The distribution of mined blocks among various mining entities further underscores the decentralized nature of Bitcoin’s consensus mechanism. 

The contributions from Antpool and Foundry USA, among others, demonstrate the diversity of participants in the mining ecosystem. This decentralized approach contributes to the security of the network by preventing a single entity from exerting undue influence on the blockchain.

While celebrating current milestones, it is essential to recognize the challenges and innovations that lie ahead. 

The rise of hashrate brings with it challenges related to energy consumption, infrastructure requirements, and the ongoing search for more sustainable mining practices. 

Innovations such as exploring alternative consensus mechanisms and developing energy-efficient extraction technologies are key to addressing these issues and ensuring the long-term sustainability of the grid.


Looking into the future, the resilience and adaptability of the Bitcoin network will likely be tested by a dynamic landscape of technological advances, regulatory changes, and market dynamics. 

Reaching a hashrate of 500 EH/s opens new frontiers for Bitcoin, inviting exploration of the scalability and efficiency of its underlying technology. Ongoing developments in the cryptocurrency space will undoubtedly shape the narrative surrounding Bitcoin’s hashrate and its role in the broader financial ecosystem.

In conclusion, 22 November 2023 marks a historic milestone for Bitcoin with its hashrate of 500 EH/s, demonstrating the robustness of the network and the dedication of its participants. The simultaneous financial success of miners adds another layer to the narrative, highlighting the economic viability of supporting the Bitcoin network. 

As the cryptocurrency ecosystem continues to evolve, the story of Bitcoin’s rising hashrate is one chapter in the larger narrative of blockchain technology’s journey toward mainstream adoption and technological maturation.