The Bank of England’s proposal to integrate stablecoins into the payments landscape


The Bank of England and the Financial Conduct Authority are leading an innovative initiative to integrate stablecoins into the UK payments landscape, with the aim of improving digital retail payments and strengthening the nation’s position as a key hub for digital assets.

The Bank of England’s vision: stablecoins for secure and efficient digital payments in the UK

The Bank of England (BoE) and the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) recently unveiled innovative proposals to bring stablecoins into the mainstream economy as a legitimate payment option for goods and services. 

Stablecoins, a form of digital token carefully designed to maintain a stable value after hard currencies, have attracted much attention in the financial world and are now poised to take a significant step forward in the UK.

Key elements of the proposals

The key elements of the proposals revolve around the regulation and comprehensive oversight of stablecoins. Here are the key aspects to consider:

BoE Supervision: One of the key aspects of the proposal is that the Bank of England will be responsible for the direct supervision of the entities behind stablecoins. This move underlines the importance of strict supervision and ensuring the stability and security of these digital tokens.

Full central bank support: To ensure the reliability of payment systems using digital tokens, the proposals require them to be fully backed by central bank deposits. This support is intended to boost confidence in stablecoins and make them a viable alternative to traditional fiat currencies.

Redemption management: Another key requirement is that stablecoin issuers must have a clear and robust plan for managing redemptions, especially in times of financial stress. This provision addresses the need for stability even in difficult economic conditions.

The UK aims to become a hub for digital assets

The UK’s ambition to establish itself as a leading hub for digital assets is the driving force behind these proposals. 

In the wake of Brexit, London’s status as Europe’s financial epicentre has been called into question. By embracing innovative financial technologies such as stablecoins, the UK aims to remain at the forefront of the global financial landscape.

These proposals are in part a response to recent events that have highlighted the need for effective regulation in the cryptocurrency and stablecoin ecosystem. 

In particular, the collapse of FTX and its subsequent impact on the market has raised concerns about the stability and reliability of digital assets. 

Regulating stablecoins in line with existing rules for traditional payment service providers is a step towards ensuring the safety of these digital payment methods.

The proposals recognise the potential benefits of stablecoins in improving payment systems. Stablecoins have the potential to make payments faster and cheaper, benefiting both consumers and businesses. 

Sheldon Mills, Executive Director of Consumers and Competition at the FCA, highlighted the potential for secure innovation in payments.

Sarah Breeden, Deputy Governor for Financial Stability at the Bank of England, also highlighted the ability of stable currencies to enhance digital retail payments in the UK and the positive prospects for their integration into the economy.

However, it is important to note that stablecoins have faced challenges in the past, with some failing to maintain their peg to hard currencies. 

Cases such as Terra’s depegging crisis in May and the significant drop in value of Circle’s USDC token in March serve as a warning. These events underline the importance of sound regulation and supervision to ensure currency stability.

Future outlook: no stablecoin meets the Bank of England’s requirements

Currently, no existing stablecoin fully meets the criteria outlined in the BoE’s proposed regime. This is largely due to the fact that stablecoins are predominantly used for cryptocurrency payments rather than retail transactions. 

However, the landscape could change quickly, especially if companies experience rapid growth or if stablecoins partner with established companies that have a large customer base for payments.

In addition, the proposals explore the possibility of allowing foreign stablecoins to access the UK payment chain. 

This would involve entities known as ‘payment arrangers’ seeking FCA approval to assess the suitability of a foreign stablecoin for use in the UK. While this could have benefits in terms of global financial integration, there are potential drawbacks that need to be carefully considered.

In conclusion, the proposals from the Bank of England and the Financial Conduct Authority represent a significant step towards the integration of stablecoins into the UK payments ecosystem. 

These measures aim to ensure that stablecoins operate with the highest levels of transparency, security and trustworthiness for the benefit of consumers and businesses, and to consolidate the UK’s position as a hub for digital assets. 

However, careful regulation and oversight are essential to mitigate the risks associated with these innovative digital tokens.